Scientific Journal Certified with the International Standard ISO 9001:2015 - SGS

World Health Journal - Professionals On Line ISSNe: 2961-2020

Relationship of prolonged pacifier use with acute otitis media
New submissions



Health impacts

How to Cite

Relationship of prolonged pacifier use with acute otitis media. (2022). World Health Journal, 3(1), 30-35.


Introduction: The pacifier is defined as an object whose shape is similar to that of a nipple and is made of rubber, making it easier for children to suck, many times it is mothers who include it in breastfeeding without measuring the consequences and effects that it causes with constant use. , affecting health, one of them (Acute Otitis Media). The objective of this systematic review is to determine the relationship between the frequent use of pacifiers and the development of AOM (Acute Otitis Media) in children under 48 months of age. Methods: To carry out the search, the following question was posed: What is the relationship between prolonged pacifier use and otitis media in children under 4 years of age? The search was carried out from May 16 to June 20, 2022. scientific databases reviewed were: PubMed, Ebsco, ScienceDirect, ProQuest and Scopus. To carry out the systematic review, the Boolean operators AND and OR were used, in which three specific combinations (DeCS and MeSH) were used to perform the combinations and execute the search. Results: Initially 1883 were found, but after applying the inclusion and exclusion rules, a total of 45 articles were analyzed. Said reviews began to be reviewed by titles, abstract, and finally, the full text was read, thus leaving only three articles according to the objectives set. Conclusion: The results obtained through this study show the relationship between the prolonged use of the pacifier or pacifier with the development and incidence of AOM (Acute Otitis Media) in children under four years of age, it was possible to observe which is a very frequent emergency in the pediatric population. On the other hand, it is estimated that this population under three years of age has had at least one picture of it, more current studies are required to compare if the incidence statistics of the relationship between pacifier and AOM have been increasing.



Real Academia Española. Chupón. [citado el 27 de junio de 2022]. Disponible en:

Venekamp RP, Schilder AGM, van den Heuvel M, Hay AD. Acute otitis media in children. BMJ [Internet]. 2020;371:m4238. Disponible en:

Rodríguez Jaime, Pavez Daniela, Pérez Regina, Cofré José. Recomendaciones para el diagnóstico y tratamiento antimicrobiano de la otitis media aguda en pediatría. Rev. chil. infectol. [Internet]. 2019 Ago [citado 2022 Jun 27] ; 36( 4 ): 497-504. Disponible en:

Christopher J, Goessier, María C. ¿El uso del chupete es un factor de riesgo para la otitis media?. Rev.Lancet. Vol 357,(9259), 823. Disponible en:

Campos Navarro Luz Arcelia, Barrón Soto Mario, Fajardo Dolci Germán. Otitis media aguda y crónica, una enfermedad frecuente y evitable. Rev. Fac. Med. (Méx.) [revista en la Internet]. 2014 Feb [citado 2022 Jul 04] ; 57( 1 ): 5-14. Disponible en:

Adderson, E. E. (1998). Preventing otitis media: medical approaches. Pediatric Annals, 27(2), 101–107.

PRISMA [Internet]. [citado el 5 de julio de 2022]. Disponible en:

Handwriting Journals. Rayyan: Personalized notebooks - sketchbook for kids with name tag - drawing for beginners with 110 dot grid pages - 6x9 / A5 size name notebook - perfect as a personal gift - planner and journal for kids. Independently Published; 2019

Niemelä M, Pihakari O, Pokka T, Uhari M. El chupete como factor de riesgo de otitis media aguda: un ensayo aleatorizado y controlado de asesoramiento a los padres. Pediatría [Internet]. 2000;106(3):483-8. Disponible en:

Rovers MM, Numans ME, Langenbach E, Grobbee DE, Verheij TJ, Schilder AG. ¿El uso del chupete es un factor de riesgo para la otitis media aguda? Un estudio de cohorte dinámico. Fam Pract [Internet]. 2008;25(4):233-6. Disponible en:

Niemelä M, Uhari M, Möttönen M. A pacifier increases the risk of recurrent acute otitis media in children in day care centers. Pediatrics. 1995 Nov;96(5 Pt 1):884-8. PMID: 7478830.

12. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Insitute. Study Quality Assessment Tools [Internet]. USA; NIH; [consultado el 5 de julio de 2022]. Disponible en:

González C, Fernandez I. Uso seguro del chupete y otitis media aguda infantil. Rev. Paraninfo Digital, 2013; 19. Disponible en:

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Mariana Odette Placencia Vera, Angiella Cristina Ramírez Bustamante, Glendy Lisset Fustamante Flores, Marisel Roxana Valenzuela Ramos